FRAW site index
Free Range Library index

Free Range Library

Anarchism & Action

Climate Change



Direct Action & Protest




Extreme Energy

Extr. Energy Climate

Extr. Energy Economics

Extr. Energy Nature

Extr. Energy Pollution

Extr. Energy Radiation

Food & Agriculture

FOSS & Linux


Land Rights

'Limits to Growth'




Peak Oil

Planning System







UK Government

UK Parliament



50 most recently added files index

Free Range Library indexes last updated 15:41, 28/06/2018

This form allows you to search the resource IDs and resource titles of the files in the Free Range Library. If a full match to a key cannot be found, a list of partial matches is returned.

library logo

The Free Range Virtual Library:

Climate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems

Applied Energy, vol.167 pp.317-322, April 2016

Free Range Library News & Events

10/04/18: Library database engine updated.

28/08/17: Library database engine updated (FRAW Library should be listed on searches more easily now).

10/08/17: Further changes to the website architecture completed to allowed continued expansion of the library.

22/12/16: 14 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy, Climate Change and UK Government sections.

22/11/16: 60 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy section.

back to previous page

Resource information:
Resource IDzhang2015
Resource titleClimate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems
Author(s)Xiaochun Zhang, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Zeke Hausfather, Ken Caldeira
Publication/ sourceApplied Energy, vol.167 pp.317-322
Date publishedApril 2016
Summary text/ abstractNatural gas has been suggested as a "bridge fuel" in the transition from coal to a near-zero emission energy system. However, the expansion of natural gas risks a delay in the introduction of near-zero emission energy systems, possibly offsetting the potential climate benefits of a gas-for-coal substitution. We use a schematic climate model to estimate CO2 and CH4 emissions from integrated energy systems and the resulting changes in global warming over various timeframes. Then we evaluate conditions under which delayed deployment of near-zero emission systems would result in loss of all net climate benefit (if any) from using natural gas as a bridge. Considering only physical climate system effects, we find that there is potential for delays in deployment of near-zero-emission technologies to offset all climate benefits from replacing coal energy systems with natural gas energy systems, especially if natural gas leakage is high, the natural gas energy system is inefficient, and the climate change metric emphasizes decadal time scale changes.
Library categoriesClimate Change, Energy, Extr. Energy Climate
Added to Free Range Library22/12/2016
Download file(s):

file iconClimate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems

back to previous page

[an error occurred while processing this directive]