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Climate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems

Applied Energy, vol.167 pp.317-322, April 2016

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Resource information:
Resource IDzhang2015
Resource titleClimate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems
Author(s)Xiaochun Zhang, Nathan P. Myhrvold, Zeke Hausfather, Ken Caldeira
Publication/ sourceApplied Energy, vol.167 pp.317-322
Date publishedApril 2016
Summary text/ abstractNatural gas has been suggested as a "bridge fuel" in the transition from coal to a near-zero emission energy system. However, the expansion of natural gas risks a delay in the introduction of near-zero emission energy systems, possibly offsetting the potential climate benefits of a gas-for-coal substitution. We use a schematic climate model to estimate CO2 and CH4 emissions from integrated energy systems and the resulting changes in global warming over various timeframes. Then we evaluate conditions under which delayed deployment of near-zero emission systems would result in loss of all net climate benefit (if any) from using natural gas as a bridge. Considering only physical climate system effects, we find that there is potential for delays in deployment of near-zero-emission technologies to offset all climate benefits from replacing coal energy systems with natural gas energy systems, especially if natural gas leakage is high, the natural gas energy system is inefficient, and the climate change metric emphasizes decadal time scale changes.
Library categoriesClimate Change, Energy, Extr. Energy Climate
Added to Free Range Library22/12/2016
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file iconClimate benefits of natural gas as a bridge fuel and potential delay of near-zero energy systems

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