Free Range Library indexes last updated 13:35, 17/04/2018
This form allows you to search the resource IDs and resource titles of the files in the Free Range Library. If a full match to a key cannot be found, a list of partial matches is returned.
Free Range Library News & Events
10/04/18: Library database engine updated.
28/08/17: Library database engine updated (FRAW Library should be listed on searches more easily now).
10/08/17: Further changes to the website architecture completed to allowed continued expansion of the library.
22/12/16: 14 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy, Climate Change and UK Government sections.
22/11/16: 60 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy section.
|Resource title||Human and natural influences on the changing thermal structure of the atmosphere|
|Author(s)||Benjamin D. Santer, Jeffrey F. Painter, Céline Bonfils, Carl A. Mears, Susan Solomon, Tom M. L. Wigley, Peter J. Gleckler, Gavin A. Schmidt, Charles Doutriaux, Nathan P. Gillett, Karl E. Taylor, Peter W. Thorne, Frank J. Wentz|
|Summary text/ abstract||Since the late 1970s, satellite-based instruments have monitored global changes in atmospheric temperature. These measurements reveal multidecadal tropospheric warming and stratospheric cooling, punctuated by short-term volcanic signals of reverse sign. Similar long- and short-term temperature signals occur in model simulations driven by human-caused changes in atmospheric composition and natural variations in volcanic aerosols. Most previous comparisons of modeled and observed atmospheric temperature changes have used results from individual models and individual observational records. In contrast, we rely on a large multimodel archive and multiple observational datasets. We show that a human-caused latitude/altitude pattern of atmospheric temperature change can be identified with high statistical confidence in satellite data. Results are robust to current uncertainties in models and observations. Virtually all previous research in this area has attempted to discriminate an anthropogenic signal from internal variability. Here, we present evidence that a human-caused signal can also be identified relative to the larger "total" natural variability arising from sources internal to the climate system, solar irradiance changes, and volcanic forcing. Consistent signal identification occurs because both internal and total natural variability (as simulated by state-of-the-art models) cannot produce sustained global-scale tropospheric warming and stratospheric cooling. Our results provide clear evidence for a discernible human influence on the thermal structure of the atmosphere.|
|Library categories||Climate Change, 'Limits to Growth'|
Human and natural influences on the changing thermal structure of the atmosphere [1.5 megabytes]
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