Free Range Library indexes last updated 13:35, 17/04/2018
This form allows you to search the resource IDs and resource titles of the files in the Free Range Library. If a full match to a key cannot be found, a list of partial matches is returned.
Environmental Science and Technology (preprint), 22/04/2014
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|Resource title||Implications of Shale Gas Development for Climate Change|
|Author(s)||Richard G. Newell, Daniel Raimi|
|Publication/ source||Environmental Science and Technology (preprint)|
|Summary text/ abstract||Advances in technologies for extracting oil and gas from shale formations have dramatically increased U.S. production of natural gas. As production expands domestically and abroad, natural gas prices will be lower than without shale gas. Lower prices have two main effects: increasing overall energy consumption, and encouraging substitution away from sources such as coal, nuclear, renewables, and electricity. We examine the evidence and analyze modeling projections to understand how these two dynamics affect greenhouse gas emissions. Most evidence indicates that natural gas as a substitute for coal in electricity production, gasoline in transport, and electricity in buildings decreases greenhouse gases, although as an electricity substitute this depends on the electricity mix displaced. Modeling suggests that absent substantial policy changes, increased natural gas production slightly increases overall energy use, more substantially encourages fuel-switching, and that the combined effect slightly alters economy wide GHG emissions; whether the net effect is a slight decrease or increase depends on modeling assumptions including upstream methane emissions. Our main conclusions are that natural gas can help reduce GHG emissions, but in the absence of targeted climate policy measures, it will not substantially change the course of global GHG concentrations. Abundant natural gas can, however, help reduce the costs of achieving GHG reduction goals.|
|Library categories||Climate Change, Extr. Energy Climate|
|Added to Free Range Library||15/05/2014|
Implications of Shale Gas Development for Climate Change [250.9 kilobytes]