FRAW site index
Free Range Library index

Free Range Library

Anarchism & Action

Climate Change



Direct Action & Protest




Extreme Energy

Extr. Energy Climate

Extr. Energy Economics

Extr. Energy Nature

Extr. Energy Pollution

Extr. Energy Radiation

Food & Agriculture

FOSS & Linux


Land Rights

'Limits to Growth'




Peak Oil

Planning System







UK Government

UK Parliament



50 most recently added files index

Free Range Library indexes last updated 15:41, 28/06/2018

This form allows you to search the resource IDs and resource titles of the files in the Free Range Library. If a full match to a key cannot be found, a list of partial matches is returned.

library logo

The Free Range Virtual Library:

Climate forcing growth rates: doubling down on our Faustian bargain

Environmental Research Letters, vol.8 no.1 id.011006, March 2013

Free Range Library News & Events

10/04/18: Library database engine updated.

28/08/17: Library database engine updated (FRAW Library should be listed on searches more easily now).

10/08/17: Further changes to the website architecture completed to allowed continued expansion of the library.

22/12/16: 14 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy, Climate Change and UK Government sections.

22/11/16: 60 papers have been added to the Extreme Energy section.

back to previous page

Resource information:
Resource IDhansen2013
Resource titleClimate forcing growth rates: doubling down on our Faustian bargain
Author(s)James Hansen, Pushker Kharecha, Makiko Sato
Publication/ sourceEnvironmental Research Letters, vol.8 no.1 id.011006
Date publishedMarch 2013
Summary text/ abstractThe largest climate forcing is caused by well-mixed long-lived greenhouse gases. Here we illustrate trends of these gases and their climate forcings, and we discuss implications. We focus on quantities that are accurately measured, and we include comparison with fixed scenarios, which helps reduce common misimpressions about how climate forcings are changing. Annual fossil fuel CO₂ emissions have shot up in the past decade at about 3%/yr, double the rate of the prior three decades. The growth rate falls above the range of the IPCC (2001) 'Marker' scenarios, although emissions are still within the entire range considered by the IPCC SRES (2000). The surge in emissions is due to increased coal use, which now accounts for more than 40% of fossil fuel CO2 emissions.
Library categoriesClimate Change, Energy, Extr. Energy Climate
Added to Free Range Library18/05/2014
Download file(s):

file iconClimate forcing growth rates: doubling down on our Faustian bargain [631.4 kilobytes]
This file is not located within the Free Range Activism Website

back to previous page

[an error occurred while processing this directive]